FIRST NAME _______________________ INITIAL ______

Put a circle around the number for each correct answer.

I. After the voyages of Columbus, the king of Spain still believed that India could be reached by sailing to the west, so he sent Ferdinand Magellan, along with ships and sailors, to seek the truth. They set out for what we now know as South America. Nobody could tell whether it was possible to get around or through South America. One ship left him, because the crew were too frightened to go farther. Magellan explored all down the coast and at last came to a great channel. We now call this channel the Straits of Magellan. They are at the southern end of South America. Magellan got through the channel, and then a great open ocean appeared before him. He called it the Pacific, which means peaceful, because it was smooth and calm.

A. The king of Spain sent Magellan to find -

1. the Straits of Magellan.

2. South America.

3. India.

4. the Pacific.

B. Magellan was -

1. a South American.

2. a sea captain.

3. frightened to go farther.

4. an Indian.

C. The Straits of Magellan are -

1. a channel.

2. a river.

3. islands.

4. the Pacific Ocean.

D. "Pacific" means -

1. open ocean.

2. straits.

3. a channel.

4. peaceful.

II. There is a disease that used to cause people sick with it to lose their fingers, toes, and noses, little by little. It is called leprosy. Other people were afraid of catching it, so they sent the lepers to live by themselves. In one of the Hawaiian Islands called Molokai there were lepers living together in shacks without enough food or clothing. When a young man from Belgium named Father Damien heard about them, he wanted to help them. He went to Molokai and lived among the lepers, doing everything he could for them. He caught leprosy himself and died of it. He is now famous for his wonderful kindness to people who needed someone.

A. This story is mainly about -

1. living among the lepers.

2. the kindness of Father Damien.

3. leprosy.

4. sending lepers to live by themselves.

B. Molokai is -

1. in Belgium.

2. an island.

3. leprosy.

4. a Hawaiian word for kindness.

C. Father Damien is famous because -

1. he caught leprosy.

2. he was kind.

3. he was from Belgium.

4. he lived in a shack.

D. People were especially afraid of leprosy because -

1. lepers lived in shacks.

2. people sent lepers to live by themselves.

3. lepers lost fingers, toes, and noses.

4. lepers died of their disease.

III. Until only a few hundred years ago, people thought that, every day, the sun moved in a circle around the earth. They saw the sun rise in the East in the morning and set in the West in the evening, so they thought that the sun was moving. They were like a person in a car watching another car alongside. If the person's car slowly moves forward, it can seem that the car alongside is moving backward. We now know that it is the earth that is moving, while the sun stays still.

A. This story is mainly about -

1. the sun and the earth.

2. why people thought that the sun moved in a circle around the earth.

3. two cars that move next to one another.

4. the earth's moving around the sun.

B. The person in the car is watching -

1. another car.

2. the earth.

3. the sun.

4. the rising and setting of the sun.

C. The sun SEEMS to move -

1. from West to East.

2. because it is so far away.

3. because we seem to stay still.

4. because it wakes us up in the morning.

D. People learned that the earth moves during the day and night -

1. a few hundred years ago.

2. when cars were invented.

3. when they could see the sun rise and set.

4. when they felt the earth move.

IV. Can you tell what Sunday is named for? Yes, the sun. What about Monday? Yes, the moon. The other days of the week are not as easy. Tuesday is Tyr's day. Tyr was a god of war in northern Europe. Wednesday is Woden's day. Woden was the greatest god of northern Europe. He lived in a palace called Valhalla. Thursday is Thor's day. Thor was the strongest of the gods of northern Europe. He had a hammer which no man could lift. Friday is Frigga's day. Frigga, the wife of Woden, was highest among goddesses. Saturday is Saturn's day. Saturn was a Roman god. The Romans used to feast and make merry in honor of Saturn.

A. The god of war in northern Europe was called -

1. Woden.

2. Tyr.

3. Frigga.

4. Saturn.

B. Valhalla was the home of -

1. Saturn.

2. Thor.

3. Tyr.

4. Woden.

C. The strongest of the gods in northern Europe was called -

1. Thor.

2. Frigga.

3. Saturn.

4. Tyr.

D. The highest among the goddesses was called -

1. Tyr.

2. Woden.

3. Thor.

4. Frigga.

V. Chinese men in China do not wear pigtails nowadays, but it is possible that their grandfathers or great-grandfathers did. For many years in China, a pigtail was thought to be proper for men. The men shaved their heads in front and wore the pigtail in back. It was also thought proper to wrap the feet of little girls tightly so that, when they grew up, their feet would be small. Small feet on girls were admired. This practice has also disappeared.

A. People in China thought that girls should have -

1. small feet.

2. pigtails.

3. shaved heads.

4. grandfathers.

B. This story is mainly about -

1. boys and girls in China.

2. the feet of girls and the hair of men.

3. outdated practices in China.

4. the Chinese.

C. The Chinese wanted girls to have small feet because -

1. small feet were easier to keep warm.

2. small feet were quieter.

3. small feet were admired.

4. small feet were younger looking.

D. Grandfathers of Chinese men -

1. might have wrapped their feet to keep them small.

2. might have worn pigtails.

3. would not have had shaved heads.

4. would have dressed like girls.