FIRST NAME _______________________ INITIAL ______

Put a circle around the number next to each correct answer.

I. From bones found in the United States we have learned that many, many animals no longer found in the world once made their homes here. We say that these animals are "extinct." Sometimes, workers find their bones in pits from which rock and coal have been dug. Other workers who make way for railroad tracks and workers who dig pits for the basements of new buildings sometimes uncover them. Nowadays, scientists know where to look for them. Huge fishes and enormous reptiles swam in the water. On the shores roamed tigers with tusks, very big lions, great bears, rhinoceroses covered with wool, and herds of hippopotamuses, as well as horses only as big as a fox.

A. This story is mainly about -

1. the bones of animals.

2. very large animals in what is now the United States.

3. how workers uncovered bones of extinct animals.

4. extinct animals in what is now the United States.

B. "Extinct" means -

1. the bones of ancient animals.

2. no longer found in the world.

3. uncovered in pits.

4. animals found in what is now the United States.

C. Workers found -

1. tigers with tusks.

2. enormous reptiles.

3. rock and coal.

4. bones of extinct animals.

D. The workers mentioned in the story -

1. were making way for railroad tracks.

2. were digging for coal and rock.

3. were digging pits for the basements of new buildings.

4. all of the above.

II. Have you ever thought, when looking through a window, that at one time there was not a pane of glass in the world? Then a man dug things out of the earth, mixed them, and heated them, and he found he had made something hard, smooth, and clear, so that he could see through it. Who was he? We do not know. We do know, though, that we owe him a great debt, and we owe a debt, also, to other discoverers and inventors whose names are no longer known.

A. This story is mainly about -

1. glass.

2. things dug out of the earth.

3. unknown discoverers and inventors.

4. people to whom we owe a debt.

B. Why do we owe this unknown man a great debt?

1. Because he spent much money making his discovery.

2. Because his name is no longer known.

3. Because he discovered glass.

4. Because he did not ask for any reward.

C. Why can you see through a window?

1. Because it is clear.

2. Because it is hard and smooth.

3. Because it is open.

4. Because it keeps out the cold.

D. The names of other discoverers and inventors are no longer known because -

1. no record was kept of their names.

2. they didn't know their worth.

3. their discoveries and inventions were unimportant.

4. they lived hundreds of years ago.

III. Long ago, people living where the weather was always warm never dreamed that there were such things as snow and ice. People living where the weather was always cold did not imagine that, elsewhere, oranges and grapes grew in the warm sunshine, colorful birds flew like living rainbows amidst the trees, and dragonflies danced like winged rubies in the warm air.

A. This story is mainly about -

1. how people, long ago, did not know much about other parts of the world.

2. snow and ice in the North and fruit, birds, and insects in the South.

3. the differences in weather in the world.

4. the pleasures of fruit, birds, and colorful insects.

B. The birds in the story are like rainbows in that -

1. their colors are the same as those in a rainbow.

2. they reflect light like a rainbow.

3. they are colorful.

4. they fly like rainbows.

C. The people in the story were -

1. not smart

2. not well traveled.

3. not up to date.

4. not curious.

D. Dragonflies in the story are like -

1. oranges and grapes.

2. jewels.

3. birds among the trees.

4. birds in the sunshine.

IV. It was a man who lived before the time of Christopher Columbus that was the world's first great traveler. His name was Marco Polo. With his father and his uncle, he traveled from Italy to China, crossing mountains and deserts to get there. In China a king called Kublai Khan was pleased to see the Polos and had them live near to him. They stayed for twenty-three years. Kublai Khan sent Marco to other countries to do business for him. When Marco finally returned to Italy, he wrote all about his adventures in a book, which was read by Columbus and many other people, who also became interested in traveling to strange countries.

A. This story is mainly about -

1. the world's first great traveler.

2. traveling from Italy to China.

3. the Polo family.

4. Marco Polo and Kublai Khan.

B. Marco Polo is called great because -

1. he traveled very far to reach China.

2. he wrote about his adventures in a book, which many people read.

3. he was so well liked by the king of China.

4. he crossed mountains and deserts to reach China.

C. We know from the story that Kublai Khan liked Marco because -

1. Marco told about his adventures in a book.

2. Marco stayed in China for twenty-three years.

3. Kublai Khan knew that Marco had crossed mountains and deserts.

4. Kublai Khan sent Marco to other countries.

D. Marco's book was -

1. a travel book.

2. fiction.

3. a story of the world.

4. a biography of Kublai Khan.

V. In the days of Christopher Columbus, people in Europe traded goods with India. The goods were carried along paths or roads from one country to another. However, no person from Europe had ever reached India by ship. After Columbus found what he thought was India by going west, people in Europe wanted to try to reach India by going east. The first sea captain to do this was Vasco da Gama. His sailors were just as afraid to go into open ocean as were Columbus' sailors, but Vasco da Gama insisted, and, sure enough, they found a sea route to India. They found it by sailing around the south end of Africa.

A. This story is mostly about -

1. Vasco da Gama.

2. Christopher Columbus.

3. finding a way to get to India by ship.

4. trade with India.

B. Vasco da Gama found the route to India by ship by -

1. going west.

2. going around the south end of Africa.

3. following the route of Columbus.

4. trading goods.

C. A ship is better for carrying goods than a pack animal because -

1. it can hold more goods.

2. it doesn't have to go over land.

3. it is safer.

4. more people can be employed.

D. Columbus and Vasco da Gama are alike in that -

1. one went west and one went east.

2. they both found a different way to carry goods.

3. they were both sea captains.

4. they both found a route to India.