FIRST NAME ___________________ INITIAL ______

Put a circle around the number next to each correct answer.

I. Some American Indians grew corn, sunflowers, squash, beans, and pumpkins in garden plots. To prepare a garden plot, they first killed the trees there by cutting off a ring of bark to kill the tree. Then they scratched the ground with a stone hoe or with the bone of a deer or buffalo, or they used a stick sharpened in the fire. Some Indians put a dead fish into the hole where they planted the corn in order to provide food for the corn plant.

A. This story is mainly about -

1. hunting.

2. fishing.

3. farming.

4. vegetables.

B. The dead fish in the story was used -

1. to keep away wild animals.

2. to provide food.

3. to put out a fire.

4. as bait.

C. Why did the Indians kill the trees?

1. So that sunlight could reach the growing plants.

2. To provide room for the growing plants.

3. To let food and water in the soil go to the plants instead of to the trees.

4. All of the above.

D. Which of these is not mentioned in the story?

1. Tomatoes

2. Corn

3. Squash

4. Pumpkins

II. The Indians made little progress during the thousands of years before the Europeans came. One reason for this was that horses, cows, sheep, pigs, and chickens were not found in America. Without horses, the Indians had a hard time digging up the soil, and they could only get animal food by hunting. Another reason for their lack of progress was that they did not know how to use metals to make tools. Stones and flat bones do not make good tools.

A. This story is mainly about -

1. problems the Indians had.

2. how poor the Indians were.

3. reasons for the Indians' lack of progress.

4. Indian farming and hunting.

B. Why is it better to raise animals than to hunt for them?

1. Hunting takes too much time.

2. Hunting is a sport.

3. Hunted animals are too sickly.

4. Wild animals can not be eaten.

C. The Indians made tools out of -

1. metals.

2. stones and wild animal bones.

3. the bones of horses and cows.

4. arrowheads.

D. Which of these is not a tool?

1. Hammer

2. Knife

3. Buffalo bone

4. Screwdriver

III. Eastern Indians who were related lived in the same house or in nearby houses. Today, we call such a group a "clan." Several clans made up a "tribe." From the old men in each clan a ruler or "sachem" was elected. The sachems from the clans met together to make rules for the tribe and to punish those who broke the rules. Each clan also elected a war chief, who led the warriors in battle. Some tribes also elected a head war chief.

A. This story is mainly about -

1. war chiefs.

2. sachems.

3. clans.

4. how Indians were organized.

B. Sachems were chosen from among

1. the men.

2. the men and women.

3. the old men.

4. the entire clan.

C. The word "clan" describes -

1. the sachems of the tribe.

2. the people in the tribe.

3. people who are related who live together or near to one another.

4. Indian tribes.

D. The head war chief was the head war chief of

1. the tribe.

2. the clan.

3. the sachems.

4. the old men.

IV. Indian hunters would sometimes hunt for days without finding anything. They learned to follow animal tracks. They learned to listen. In order to get close to their prey, the Indians had to move quietly. When they were close enough, they could shoot their arrows. Often, the prey got away.

A. This story is mainly about -

1. following tracks.

2. prey.

3. hunting.

4. Indian weapons.

B. "Prey" in this story means -

1. wild animals.

2. enemies.

3. Indian weapons.

4. tracks.

C. Indians moved quietly so that they -

1. would not disturb nature.

2. would not frighten the wild animals.

3. could get a good view of the wild animals.

4. could follow the animal tracks.

D. The prey sometimes got away because -

1. the Indians weren't quiet enough.

2. bows and arrows are not very good weapons, as guns are.

3. the Indians weren't close enough.

4. all of the above.

V. The Aztecs and the Mayas were Indians much more civilized than North American Indians. The Mayas were great builders. They knew how to write down their words, and some of their books still exist. The Aztecs were not as good builders as the Mayas, but some of their temples and palaces were very large. They did not know iron, but their workmen did wonderful work in gold. silver, copper, and tin. They had a system of picture writing. They knew how to weave cloth out of cotton.

A. This story is mainly about -

1. Ways in which the Mayas and Aztecs were very civilized.

2. Great Indian builders.

3. How the Mayas and the Aztecs differed from one another.

4. Indians to the south of North America.

B. Both the Mayas and the Aztecs -

1. did wonderful work in gold, silver, copper, and tin.

2. knew about iron.

3. were not as civilized as North American Indians.

4. built wonderful buildings.

C. North American Indians -

1. had a system of picture writing.

2. wore clothes woven of cotton.

3. built large temples and palaces.

4. were not as civilized as Indians to the south.

D. The workmen in this story were -

1. builders.

2. weavers.

3. writers.

4. artists.