FIRST NAME ____________________________ INITIAL _____________

Put a circle around the number next to each correct answer.

I. North America is changing. The sea tears away some coasts and builds up others. Rivers cut away their banks, and hills and mountains are worn away. Some of the Western mountains seem to be slowly rising. The coast of New Jersey is sinking about two feet in a hundred years. The land in Canada toward the Hudson Bay is rising; some day, thousands or millions of years from now, the water in the Great Lakes might possibly find its way into the Mississippi River, as it did long ago, instead of into the St. Lawrence River.

A. This story is mainly about -

1. changes in the earth of North America.

2. the wearing away of the land.

3. changes in Canada and New Jersey.

4. what might happen to water in the Great Lakes.

B. Water in the Great Lakes might someday flow into the Mississippi River because -

1. the land in Canada is rising.

2. the banks of the rivers are being worn away.

3. mountains are rising.

4. coast lines are changing.

C. Which statement is most true?

1. Water from the Great Lakes flows into the Mississippi River.

2. The St. Lawrence River flows into the Great Lakes.

3. Water in some Canadian rivers might someday end up in the Mississippi River instead of in the St. Lawrence River.

4. The Mississippi River flows into the Great Lakes.

D. Water flowing downhill is the sign of -

1. a bay.

2. a pond.

3. a lake.

4. a river.

E. Long ago, water in the Great Lakes flowed -

1. into the Hudson Bay.

2. into the Mississippi River.

3. toward the Western mountains.

4. in the opposite direction.

II. Many mountains and hills in the West are dead volcanoes. In Arizona there are thousands of them, separated from one another on the otherwise flat land. There are also volcanoes in the West that are not dead but are sleeping. Who knows when one might blow apart or shoot rock and ashes into the air? Not long ago, the entire side of Mount Saint Helens was blown away - rock and soil were thrown into the air, and forests were blown flat.

A. This story is mostly about -

1. Mount Saint Helens.

2. volcanoes.

3. volcanoes in the West.

4. dead volcanoes.

B. A sleeping volcano -

1. rumbles while it sleeps.

2. might wake up some day.

3. will always sleep.

4. will surely awaken.

C. "Dead" in this story means -

1. is sleeping.

2. makes no sound or movement.

3. is cold.

4. will never blow up again.

D. Before it was blown apart, Mount Saint Helens was -

1. a dead volcano.

2. a hill in Arizona.

3. a sleeping volcano.

4. a mountain in Arizona.

E. Which statement is most true?

1. The explosion of a volcano can cause a wind.

2. Volcanoes are always found among mountains.

3. Mount Saint Helens is not in the West.

4. All volcanoes explode through a hole in the top.

III Thousands of years ago, the climate of North America became so cold that great sheets of ice, called glaciers, covered most of Canada and much of the northern part of the United States. The ice sheets were several miles thick in some places. The glaciers moved, pushing in front of them scooped-out soil and rock, which they left behind when they melted away. These heaps are called moraines. Long Island, Cape Cod, and Martha's Vineyard are mostly moraines. Huge boulders seen lying in fields were left by a glacier. The water in many, many lakes, including the Great Lakes, fills holes scooped out by glaciers.

A. This story is mostly about -

1. the history of glaciers.

2. how Long Island, Cape Cod, and Martha's Vineyard were made.

3. moraines.

4. how glaciers changed the land that we see today.

B. Moraines are made up of -

1. ice.

2. soil and rock.

3. boulders.

4. water in lakes.

C. There are not as many lakes in the South as in the North because -

1. the glaciers didn't move over the South.

2. there is less water there.

3. the South is less rocky than the North.

4. the holes that the glaciers scooped out have filled up in the South with rock and soil.

D. Which of these statements is NOT true?

1. Some glaciers were several miles thick.

2. Thousands of years have passed since the time of the glaciers.

3. Ice covered all of Canada and all of the United States.

4. When the glaciers melted, they left behind soil and rock.

IV. When Christopher Columbus and other explorers came to the New World, they saw animals that they had never seen before. In the forests there were turkeys. On the Great Plains there were buffalo. They saw some plants that were strange, also. They had never seen tobacco. The tomato and potato were new to them, as were corn and pumpkins. When the settlers came, they brought animals and plants that the Indians had never seen: hogs, chickens, cattle, and horses. Dogs were common in both the Old World and the New World.

A. The Indians had never seen -

1. turkeys.

2. chickens.

3. buffalo.

4. tobacco.

B. The settlers had never seen -

1. cattle.

2. hogs.

3. chickens.

4. potatoes.

C. The explorers had never seen -

1. tomatoes.

2. chickens.

3. hogs.

4. horses.

D. Dogs were -

1. new to the explorers.

2. new to the settlers.

3. new to the Indians.

4. not new.

V. In New Mexico and Arizona lived the Pueblo Indians. The word "Pueblo" comes from the Spanish word "pueblo," meaning town or village. The Spaniards found these Indians living in apartment houses, some of them on the side of a cliff so that they could be reached only by ladders. When attacked by Apaches, the Pueblos would pull up the ladders. They grew corn, which they watered with water flowing down in ditches. They wove cloth, made wonderful baskets, and created jars and pots out of clay.

A. The Pueblo Indians were afraid of -

1. cliff dwelling.

2. Apache Indians.

3. apartment houses.

4. water flowing down in ditches.

B. The Spaniards called these Indians "Pueblos" because they -

1. were close to the Apaches.

2. lived together in a town or village.

3. farmed and brought down water in ditches.

4. pulled up their ladders when attacked.

C. Water in ditches flowed down from -

1. apartment houses.

2. the sky.

3. the tops of ladders.

4. a lake, a stream, or a pond.

D. Which of these does the story not mention?

1. beads.

2. pots.

3. baskets.

4. cloth.