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Use the dictionary, the acronym finder, and the word origins dictionary (links above) as needed. A new quiz is available each Monday through Thursday. This is the quiz for September 30.
John Locke (died 1704) was an English philosopher. He is considered the first of the British empiricists and is equally important to social contract theory. His ideas had enormous influence on the development of epistemology and political philosophy. His writings influenced Voltaire and Rousseau, many Scottish Enlightenment thinkers, and the American revolutionaries. This influence is reflected in the American Declaration of Independence.
His theory of mind is often cited as the origin for modern conceptions of identity and "the self," figuring prominently in the works of such philosophers as David Hume, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Immanuel Kant. He was the first philosopher to define the self through a continuity of "consciousness." He also postulated that the mind is a "blank slate" or "tabula rasa" -- contrary to Cartesian or Christian philosophy, Locke maintained that people are born without innate ideas.
His arguments concerning liberty and the social contract influenced the written works of Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, and other founding fathers of the United States. His views also influenced the French Revolution.
1. Empiricists are people who believe thatA. knowledge must be derived from the Greeks.2. The social contract is
B. knowledge derives from the Church.
C. knowledge derives from experience.
D. we are born with knowledge.A. good manners in society.3. To postulate is
B. an agreement among people that results in organization such as government.
C. formulation of business relationships.
D. the foundations of friendliness.A. to reason logically.4. Locke was a philosopher of
B. to make known.
C. to announce.
D. to propose as a given.A. the unconscious.
B. the self.
C. social manners.
D. innate drives.
The information comes from Wikipedia.
Write down your answers and then see Answer Key below.
Answer Key: 1-C..........2-B..........3-D..........4-B
Corrections? Questions? Comments? E-mail Robert Jackson at firstname.lastname@example.org.