Reading Comprehension Quiz

[A new interlinear poem will be available each Monday: Weekly Interlinear Poem .]

Use the dictionary, the acronym finder, and the word origins dictionary (links above) as needed. A new quiz is available each Monday through Thursday. This is the quiz for November 27.

Mencius (died 289 BCE) was a Chinese philosopher who was the most famous Confucian after Confucius himself.

To show innate goodness, Mencius used the example of a child falling down a well. Witnesses of this event immediately feel “alarm and distress. . . The feeling of commiseration is the beginning of humanity; the feeling of shame and dislike is the beginning of righteousness; the feeling of deference and compliance is the beginning of propriety; and the feeling of right and wrong is the beginning of wisdom.

"Men have these four beginnings just as they have their four limbs. Having these four beginnings, but saying that they cannot develop them, is to destroy themselves.”

Mencius emphasized the importance of the common citizens in the state. While Confucianism generally regards rulers highly, Mencius argued that it is acceptable for the subjects to overthrow or even kill a ruler who rules harshly. This is because a ruler who does not rule justly is no longer a true ruler. Speaking of the overthrow of the wicked King Zhou of Shang, Mencius said, "I have merely heard of killing a villain Zhou, but I have not heard of murdering him as the ruler.".

He said there's no just war.

He was contemporary with Plato.

1. Mencius was a follower of
A. Plato.
B. Confucius.
C. King Zhou.
D. Christianity.
2. Commiseration means
A. pity/sympathy.
B. regret.
C. anger/resentment.
D. misery.
3. The Latin origin of propriety meant
A. aristocracy.
B. insult.
C. appropriateness.
D. wealth.
4. King Zhou did not deserve to be called
A. wicked.
B. a villain.
C. harsh.
D. a ruler.

The information comes from Wikipedia.

Write down your answers and then see Answer Key below.

Answer Key: 1-B..........2-A..........3-C..........4-D
Corrections? Questions? Comments? E-mail Robert Jackson at