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Use the dictionary, the acronym finder, and the word origins dictionary (links above) as needed. A new quiz is available each Monday through Thursday. This is the quiz for November 11.
The English political economist and demographer Thomas Malthus (died 1834) analysed population growth and noted the potential for populations to increase rapidly, often faster than the food supply available to them. Commentators have referred to such a runaway scenario as a "Malthusian catastrophe."
To give a mathematical perspective to his observations, Malthus proposed the idea that population, if unchecked, increases at a geometric rate (i.e., 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, etc.), whereas the food-supply grows at an arithmetic rate (i.e., 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, etc.).
Malthus suggested that only natural causes (such as accidents and old age), misery (war, pestilence, plague, and, above all, famine), and vice (which for Malthus included infanticide, murder, contraception, and homosexuality) could check excessive population growth. Malthus raised the possibility of moral restraint (marrying late or not at all, coupled with sexual abstinence prior to and outside of marriage) as a check on the growth of population.
It offended Malthus that critics claimed he lacked a caring attitude towards the situation of the poor. He wrote, "I have written a chapter expressly on the practical direction of our charity and in detached passages elsewhere have paid a just tribute to the exalted virtue of benevolence."
1. A geometric rateA. refers to figures on a plane.2. The Latin origin of benevolence meant
B. shows an increase 1, 2, 3, etc.
C. doubles each preceding digit.
D. triples each preceding digit.A. well wishing.3. The Malthusian Catastrophe refers to
C. happy nature.
D. charitable thoughts.A. bad government policies.4. Malthus wanted to be known for
B. arithmetic increase in population.
C. slowing of population growth.
D. runaway population growth.A. indifference to population growth.
B. a caring attitude toward the poor.
C. support of the rich.
D. non-scientific ideas.
The information comes from Wikipedia.
Write down your answers and then see Answer Key below.
Answer Key: 1-C..........2-A..........3-D..........4-B
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