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**Use the dictionary, the acronym finder, and the word origins dictionary (links above) as needed. A new quiz is available each Monday through Thursday. This is the quiz for Wednesday, March 5.**
Lech Walesa shaped the 20th century as the leader of the Solidarity movement that led the Poles out of communism. Walesa's contribution to the end of communism in Europe stands beside those of his fellow Pole, Pope John Paul II, and the Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev.
He was shocked by the repression of workers' protests in the 1970s and made contact with small opposition groups. At age 37, he joined the strike at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk. With his electrifying personality, he was soon leading it. He moved his fellow workers away from mere wage claims and toward a central, daringly political demand: free trade unions.
When the Polish communists made this concession, the new union was christened Solidarnosc (Solidarity). Soon it had 10 million members, and Walesa was its undisputed leader. For 16 months they struggled to find a way to coexist with the communist state. In the end, martial law was declared. Walesa was interned for 11 months and then released.
Fighting a populist campaign against his own former adviser, he was elected Poland's first noncommunist President, a post he held until 1995.
1. Lech WalesaA. stood beside Pope John Paul II.2. Walesa was shocked by
B. ended communism in Europe.
C. led the Poles out of communism.
D. stood beside Pope John Paul II and Gorbachev.A. opposition groups.3. Solidarnosc means
B. wage claims.
C. repression of workers' protests.
D. the strike at the Lenin Shipyard.A. solidarity.4. "Interned" means
B. a union.
C. a political demand.
D. opposition to communism.A. imprisoned.5. Populist means
B. deprived of freedom.
C. made to work in a hospital.
D. apprenticed.A. promoting the interests of ordinary people in contrast with the interests of the elite.The information comes from an article by Timothy Garton Ash at TIME - The Most Important People of the Century.
Write down your answers and then see Answer Key below.
Answer Key: 1-C..........2-C..........3-A..........4-B..........5-A
Corrections? Questions? Comments? E-mail Robert Jackson at firstname.lastname@example.org.