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**Use the dictionary, the acronym finder, and the word origins dictionary (links above) as needed. A new quiz is available each Monday through Thursday. This is the quiz for March 20.**
English is derived from the Anglo-Saxon, a West Germanic language, although its current vocabulary includes words from many languages. The Anglo-Saxon roots can be seen, for example, in the similarity of numbers in English and German - seven/sieben, eight/acht, nine/neun and ten/zehn - and in pronouns - I/ich; thou/Du; we/wir; she/sie. Though more than half of the words in English either come from the French language or have a French cognate, most of the common words used are still of Germanic origin.
When the Normans came from France and conquered England in 1066, they brought their Norman language with them. Thereafter, the ruling class spoke Anglo-Norman, while the peasants spoke the English of the time. Anglo-Norman was the conduit for the introduction of French into England.
1. What is a cognate?A. similarity of numbers.2. The German word for ten is
B. French words introduced into England.
C. similarity of Anglo-Saxon and French words.
D. a word is cognate with another if both derive from the same word in an ancestral language.A. sieben.3. The fraction of French-derived words in the English language is
D. neun.A. three-quarters.4. Anglo-Saxon words came from
B. less than half.
D. more than half.A. France.
D. ruling classes.
The information comes from Wikipedia.
Write down your answers and then see Answer Key below.
Answer Key: Answer Key: 1-D 2-C 3-D 4-B
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