|Previous Quizzes  Weekly Interlinear Poem   Dictionary  Acronyms and Abbrev.  Word Origins  How to Link to this Page |
[A new interlinear poem will be available each Monday: Weekly Interlinear Poem .]
Use the dictionary, the acronym finder, and the word origins dictionary (links above) as needed. A new quiz is available each Monday through Thursday. This is the quiz for January 19.
The cotton gin of Eli Whitney (died 1825) transformed Southern agriculture and the national economy. Southern cotton found ready markets in Europe and in the burgeoning textile mills of New England. Cotton exports from the South boomed after the cotton gin's appearance, going from 180,000 pounds of total cotton production in 1793 to 93 million tons by 1810, while New England manufacturing companies struggled to compete against imported goods and clamored for tariff protection.
Cotton agriculture revived the profitability of slavery. By the 1820's, the dominant issues in American politics were driven by "King Cotton" - maintaining the political balance between slave and free states and tariff protection for American industry.
The cotton interests, expecting a vast expansion of cotton agriculture, led the country into war with Mexico.
Paradoxically, the cotton gin, a labor-saving device, helped preserve the weakening arguments for slavery, since cheap labor was needed to pick cotton.
1. The cotton gin wasA. a device for storing cotton.2. Between 1793 and 1810 cotton production
B. a fertilizer for cotton.
C. a sales technique.
D. a machine for separating the fibers of cotton from the seeds.A. increased slightly.3. Before the cotton gin, arguments for slavery were
B. increased enormously.
C. declined slightly.
D. declined enormously.A. strengthening.4. Burgeoning means
D. increasing.A. growing rapidly.
The information comes from Wikipedia.
Write down your answers and then see Answer Key below.
Answer Key: 1-D..........2-B..........3-C..........4-A
Corrections? Questions? Comments? E-mail Robert Jackson at firstname.lastname@example.org.