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Use the dictionary, the acronym finder, and the word origins dictionary (links above) as needed. A new quiz is available each Monday through Thursday. This is the quiz for January 13.
Umar (died 644 CE), also known as Umar the Great or Omar the Great, was a Muslim convert who was a companion of Muhammad. He became the second Caliph and is thus regarded by Sunni Muslims as one of the four righteously guided Caliphs.
During Umar's reign, the Islamic empire grew at an unprecedented rate, taking Mesopotamia and parts of Persia from the Sassanids, effectively ending that empire, and taking Egypt, Palestine, Syria, North Africa, and Armenia from the Byzantines. The Battle of Yarmuk, fought near Damascus in 636, saw a small Muslim army defeat a much larger Byzantine force, permanently ending Byzantine rule south of Asia Minor.
In 637, after a prolonged siege of Jerusalem, the Muslims finally entered the city peacefully. Several years earlier, the Christian patriach had announced that he would not sign a treaty with anyone other than the Caliph himself. For this reason, Umar personally went to Jerusalem. According to both Muslim and Christian accounts, Umar entered the city humbly, walking beside a camel upon which his servant was sitting, because he had agreed to share turns over it, and it was his servant's turn when they happened to reach the city.
1. A caliph wasA. an army officer.2. Umar is known for his
B. the leader of a Muslim sect.
C. the leader of a Muslim state.
D. the foreign affairs officer.A. pride.3. The Byzantines were
D. humility.A. Christians.4. Umar is particularly honored by
B. all citizens of Rome.
C. North Africans.
D. the Greek people.A. Sunni Moslems.
D. residents of Jerusalem.
The information comes from Wikipedia.
Write down your answers and then see Answer Key below.
Answer Key: 1-C..........2-D..........3-A..........4-A
Corrections? Questions? Comments? E-mail Robert Jackson at firstname.lastname@example.org.