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Use the dictionary, the acronym finder, and the word origins dictionary (links above) as needed. A new quiz is available each Monday through Thursday. This is the quiz for February 17.
The principal contribution of Thomas Paine (died 1809) to the American Revolution was the powerful, widely-read pamphlet Common Sense, advocating colonial America's independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1776 it quickly spread among the literate, and, in three months, 100,000 copies were sold. Common Sense rendered complex ideas intelligible to average readers, with clear, concise writing unlike the formal, learned style favored by many of Paine's contemporaries. Many were shocked by Paine's undisguised hostility to the British monarchy; the pamphlet labeled King George III as "the Royal Brute of Great Britain."
Later, he greatly influenced the French Revolution. He wrote the Rights of Man, a guide to Enlightenment ideas. Despite not speaking French, he was elected to the French National Convention. The Girondists regarded him as an ally, so the Montagnards, especially Robespierre, regarded him as an enemy. In 1793, he was arrested and imprisoned in Paris, then released in 1794. He became notorious because of The Age of Reason, the book advocating deism and arguing against Christian doctrines. He remained in France during the early Napoleonic era but condemned Napoleon's dictatorship, calling him "the completest charlatan that ever existed". In 1802, at President Jefferson's invitation, he returned to America.
1. The Enlightenment wasA. an 18th century movement advocating the use of reason.2. The Girondists and Montagnards were
B. a religious movement.
C. America's justification for revolution.
D. an association of scientists.A. American political parties.3. Paine's attitude toward King George III was
B. French political parties.
C. religious orders.
D. followers of Thomas Paine.A. friendly.4. Deism means
D. indifferent.A. supporting the Catholic Church.The information comes from Wikipedia.
B. supporting Protestantism.
C. supporting separation of church and state.
D. believing in God on the basis of reason without reference to revelation.
Write down your answers and then see Answer Key below.
Answer Key: 1-A..........2-B..........3-C..........4-D
Corrections? Questions? Comments? E-mail Robert Jackson at firstname.lastname@example.org.