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Use the dictionary, the acronym finder, and the word origins dictionary (links above) as needed. A new quiz is available each Monday through Thursday. This is the quiz for August 19.
Karl Marx argued that the alienation of human work is the defining feature of capitalism. Prior to capitalism, markets existed in Europe where producers and merchants bought and sold commodities of their own making/producing. According to Marx, a capitalist mode of production developed in Europe when labor itself became a commodity, when peasants became free to sell their own labor and needed to do so because they no longer possessed their own land. People sell their labor when they accept compensation in return for whatever work they do in a given period of time. In other words, they are not selling the product of their labor but their capacity to work. In return for selling their labor they receive money, which allows them to survive. Those who must sell their labor are "proletarians." The person who buys the labor - generally someone who does own the land and technology to produce - is a "capitalist" or "bourgeois." The proletarians inevitably outnumber the capitalists.
1. Alienation in this context meansA. separation resulting from hostility.2. "Proletarians"
B. being unfriendly.
C. the selling of a person's labor to someone else.
D. feeling alienated from other people.A. work the land.3. "Capitalists"
B. work for a lord of the manor.
C. lack the ability to work.
D. must sell their labor.A. buy the labor of other people.4. The Old French origin of bourgeois meant
B. collect their savings.
C. rule people in slavery.
D. collect goods.A. shop keeper.
B. town dweller.
C. educated person.
D. person of low tastes.
The information comes from Wikipedia.
Write down your answers and then see Answer Key below.
Answer Key: 1-C..........2-D..........3-A..........4-B
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