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Cai Lun (ca. 50 CE - 121 CE) was a Chinese man who is conventionally regarded as the inventor of paper and the papermaking process in forms recognizable in modern times as paper (as opposed to Egyptian papyrus). Although paper existed in China before Cai Lun (since the 2nd century BCE), he was responsible for the first significant improvement and standardization of papermaking by adding essential new materials into its composition.
Although tools and machinery of papermaking in modern times may be more complex, they still employ the ancient technique of felted sheets of fiber suspended in water, draining of the water, and then drying into a thin matted sheet. For this invention Cai would be world-renowned posthumously. Even in his own time he was given recognition for his invention. A part of his official biography written later in China read thus:In ancient times writings and inscriptions were generally made on tablets of bamboo or on pieces of silk. But silk being costly and bamboo heavy, they were not convenient to use. Cai Lun then initiated the idea of making paper from the bark of trees, remnants of hemp, rags of cloth, and fishing nets.
1. The Late Latin word origin of posthumously meantA. mailed later.2. Felted means
B. put in the ground.
C. following the earth.
D. after the burial.A. velvet-like.3. Cai Lun is credited with
B. with fibers matted together.
D. compared with a hat.A. newly adding essential materials.4. The Latin word origin of inscription meant
B. using silk.
C. using bamboo.
D. making tablets stronger.A. to cut with a knife.
B. to announce.
C. to write on.
D. to honor.
The information comes from Wikipedia.
Write down your answers and then see Answer Key below.
Answer Key: 1-D..........2-B..........3-A..........4-C
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